Are you interested in the safety of caffeine? Then get a copy of the Institute of Medicine’s (IOM) new report Caffeine in Food and Dietary Supplements: Examining Safety (freely available). Topics span the history caffeine regulation in the U.S.
Are you interested in the safety of caffeine? Then get a copy of the Institute of Medicine’s (IOM) new report Caffeine in Food and Dietary Supplements: Examining Safety (freely available). Topics span the history caffeine regulation in the U.S., to the mechanisms of the central effects of caffeine, to current intake and exposure levels in the U.S. population (see below for the complete Table of Contents).
Why did the IOM Issue this Report?
At the request of the FDA, the IOM held a workshop August 5-6, 2013, to review the available science on caffeine safety, and the workshop summary report was just released (Caffeine in Food and Dietary Supplements: Examining Safety: Workshop Summary (2014)).
According to an FDA press announcement: “The FDA requested the workshop because we know how important it is to get the science right. The summary report that IOM issued today will be extremely informative as we continue our investigation of the safety of caffeine, particularly its effects on children and adolescents.”
Much of the workshop was focused on the science of safety of caffeine in energy drinks, although discussions extended across all foods and beverages, as well as dietary supplements, coffee, tea, carbonated soft drinks, and other products.
The Workshop Objectives were:
Although the report reached no definite conclusions on caffeine in food and drinks, the FDA noted that the report will be useful in its continued review of the safety of caffeine in food products, particularly its effects on children and adolescents.
Chapter 1: INTRODUCTION
The Past, Present, and Future of Caffeine Regulation in the United States
Chapter 2: INTAKE AND EXPOSURE TO CAFFEINE
Caffeine Intake from Beverages in the United States
Various Aspects of Caffeine Intake in America: Analysis of NHANES
Chapter 3: SAFETY SIGNALS AND SURVEILLANCE
Caffeine and Energy Drink Exposure Call Surveillance
Safety Assessment of Caffeine in Foods and Beverages
Chapter 4: EXPLORING SAFE CAFFEINE EXPOSURE LEVELS FOR VULNERABLE POPULATIONS
Health Canada’s Approach
Safe Caffeine Exposure Levels in Vulnerable Populations: Pregnant Women and
Risk of Adverse Effects of Caffeine and Caffeinated Products in Children and Other Vulnerable Groups
Chapter 5: Caffeine Effects on the Cardiovascular System
Vascular Effects of Caffeine
Caffeine and Risk of Arrhythmia
Caffeine and Risk of Hypertension
Chapter 6: CAFFEINE EFFECTS ON CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM AND BEHAVIORAL EFFECTS ASSOCIATED WITH CAFFEINE CONSUMPTION
Mechanisms of the Central Effects of Caffeine
Developmental and Psychopharmacological Effects of Caffeine
Addictive Properties of Caffeine
DSM-5: Substance Related and Addiction Disorders
Energy Drink Use and Risk-Taking During Adolescence and Young Adulthood
Caffeine, Performance, and Well-Being
Chapter 6: OTHER COMPOUNDS IMPACTING CAFFEINE EFFECTS
Interaction Between Energy Drink Ingredients and Caffeine
Chapter 7: PUBLIC COMMENTS
Chapter 8: MOVING FORWARD: FILLING THE DATA GAPS
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